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tradicionalne_lutke_Peggy_Nisbet_1Since the 1800s, doll makers have recognized that there is a market for dolls dressed in national costumes.tradicionalne_lutke_Rumunija French fashion dolls from the late 1800s can often be found in the national costumes of various French provinces, such as Brittany, and often the national costumes are found on "budget" styles of dolls, which indicates they were meant for mass consumption as souvenirs for tourists.

Hundreds of companies worldwide have produced national costume dolls. Most of these companies sent their dolls to market not emphasizing their brand name-after all, they weren't after repeat customers--and instead emphasized the country of origin or of costume of the doll.

Most common models were made out of vinyl, hard plastic, celluloid, nuts, coconuts, seashells, cloth, and many, many other materials, while more exclusive dolls were made out of bisque, china, composition or papier mache. 
The vast majority of national costume dolls in the past 40 years have been made of hard plastic or vinyl. Most of the dolls were not played with or thrown away- instead they sat on shelves as mementos of happy trips.

Japanese Dolls

In the West, a doll is the very symbol of childhood. Doll is made to be dressed and undressed, pushed around in a miniature carriage, used and abused and generaly as a plaything, until it is either worn-out or overgrown. Japanese dolls are made to be admired only from aa distance. In fact, most are safely stored away to be brought out and displayed just at certain times of the year.

Geisha
Gejsa-japanska_lutkaEarly 20th century costume geisha or bijin (beautiful woman) doll Taisho period (1912-1926 ). Japanese geisha dolls are created in the image of the one of theGejsa main icons of oriental traditional Japanese vintage culture . The ladies commonly known in the West as Geishas, live and work in the famed district of Gion in Kyoto.

Geishas are professional Japanese women who entertain through a variety of performing arts, including singing traditionalsongs, dancing to traditional songs and playing the Samisen, a Japanese instrument ( banjo ), serving food and drink  ressed in traditional kimono, geisha are also adept at conversation, calligraphy, flower arranging…
They wear extravagantly designed kimono over their graceful, elongated forms. It wears platform sandals called Okobo and Obi ( belt ) is trailed down.